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Cerebral palsy (CP) is classified according to the
type of body movement and posture problem.
Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type.
A person with spastic CP develops tight muscles in some
parts of the body that are unable to relax. Affected joints become stiff and
hard to move. Usually, a person has problems controlling movements, poor
coordination and balance, and difficulty talking and eating.
There are four types of spastic CP, grouped according to how many
limbs are affected.
The nonspastic forms of cerebral palsy include dyskinetic cerebral
palsy (subdivided into athetoid and dystonic forms) and ataxic cerebral
Some children have symptoms of more than one type of cerebral
palsy. For example, spastic legs (symptoms of spastic diplegic CP)
and problems with facial muscle control (symptoms of dyskinetic CP)
may both develop.
Total body cerebral palsy affects the
entire body to some degree. Complications of cerebral palsy and other medical
problems are more likely to develop when the entire body is involved rather
than isolated parts. Total body cerebral palsy may include any of the
September 20, 2012
Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics & Louis Pellegrino, MD - Developmental Pediatrics
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