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MECP2 Duplication Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report MECP2 Duplication Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • trisomy Xq28
  • Xq28 duplication syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Summary
MECP2 duplication syndrome is a rare genetic neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a wide variety of symptoms including low muscle tone (hypotonia), potentially severe intellectual disability, developmental delays, recurrent respiratory infections, speech abnormalities, seizures, and progressive spasticity, a condition characterized by muscle stiffness that is worsened with movement and can be associated with involuntary muscle spasms. Additional symptoms can occur. MECP2 duplication syndrome is caused by the duplication of genetic material on a specific region on the X chromosome (Xq28). This region includes the MECP2 gene and typically several adjacent genes. In most cases, the MECP2 duplication is inherited in an X-linked manner; in rare cases, the duplication may occur randomly for no apparent reason (de novo duplication). The disorder predominantly affects males, but females who carry the duplication on one X chromosome (heterozygotes) may exhibit some signs of the disorder. In specific, rare cases, females can develop a severe form of the disorder similar to males.

Introduction
One of the first descriptions in the medical literature of this disorder as a distinct neurological entity was by Lubs et al. in 1999. The discovery that microduplications involving the MECP2 gene on the X chromosome cause a distinct neurological disorder (now known as MECP2 duplication syndrome) was first reported in the medical literature in 2005. Mutations of the MECP2 gene are known to cause Rett syndrome, a neurological disorder that primarily affects females. These disorders are sometimes grouped together as MECP2-related disorders.

Resources

The Arc
1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200
Washington, DC 20006
Tel: (202)534-3700
Fax: (202)534-3731
Tel: (800)433-5255
TDD: (817)277-0553
Email: info@thearc.org
Internet: http://www.thearc.org

International Rett Syndrome Foundation
4600 Devitt Dr.
Cincinnati, OH 45246
USA
Tel: (800)818-7388
Email: irsa@rettsyndrome.org
Internet: http://www.rettsyndrome.org

Epilepsy Foundation
8301 Professional Place
Landover, MD 20785-7223
Tel: (866)330-2718
Fax: (877)687-4878
Tel: (800)332-1000
TDD: (800)332-2070
Email: ContactUs@efa.org
Internet: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

New Horizons Un-Limited, Inc.
811 East Wisconsin Ave
P.O. Box 510034
Milwaukee, WI 53203
USA
Tel: (414)299-0124
Fax: (414)347-1977
Email: horizons@new-horizons.org
Internet: http://www.new-horizons.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Child Neurology Foundation
201 Chicago Ave, #200
Minneapolis, MN 55415
USA
Tel: (952)641-6100
Fax: (952)881-6276
Tel: (877)263-5430
Email: jstone@childneurologyfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.childneurologyfoundation.org

Medical Home Portal
Dept. of Pediatrics
University of Utah
P.O. Box 581289
Salt Lake City, UT 84158
Tel: (801)587-9978
Fax: (801)581-3899
Email: mindy.tueller@utah.edu
Internet: http://www.medicalhomeportal.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  1/28/2013
Copyright  2013 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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