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Cri du Chat Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Cri du Chat Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Cat's Cry Syndrome
  • CdCS
  • Lejeune syndrome
  • 5p- syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Cri du chat syndrome (CdCS or 5p-) is a rare genetic disorder in which a variable portion of the short arm of chromosome 5 is missing or deleted (monosomic). Symptoms vary greatly from case to case depending upon the exact size and location of the deleted genetic material. Common symptoms include a distinctive cry that resembles the mewing of a cat, characteristic facial features, slow growth, and microcephaly, a condition that indicates that head circumference is smaller than would be expected for an infant's age and sex. Affected children also exhibit delays in the acquisition of skills requiring the coordination of muscular and mental activities (psychomotor disability) and moderate to severe intellectual disability. Additional symptoms affecting different organ systems of the body can also occur. Most cases are thought arise from spontaneous (de novo) genetic errors very early in embryonic development.

Resources

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

The Arc
1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200
Washington, DC 20006
Tel: (202)534-3700
Fax: (202)534-3731
Tel: (800)433-5255
TDD: (817)277-0553
Email: info@thearc.org
Internet: http://www.thearc.org

Chromosome Disorder Outreach, Inc.
P.O. Box 724
Boca Raton, FL 33429-0724
USA
Tel: (561)395-4252
Fax: (561)395-4252
Email: info@chromodisorder.org
Internet: http://www.chromodisorder.org/CDO/

5P-Society
PO Box 268
Lakewood, CA 90714
USA
Tel: (562)804-4506
Fax: (562)920-5240
Tel: (888)970-0777
Email: director@fivepminus.org
Internet: http://www.fivepminus.org

Department of Human Genetics/Cri du Chat
Medical College of Virginia
P.O. Box 980033
Richmond, VA 23298
Tel: (804)828-8116
Fax: (804)828-8801

Cri Du Chat Syndrome Support Group
PO Box 3408
Norwich, NR3 3WE
United Kingdom
Tel: 08450942725
Fax: 01455841680
Email: office@criduchat.org.uk
Internet: http://www.criduchat.org.uk/

UNIQUE - Rare Chromosome Disorder Support Group
P.O. Box 2189
Caterham
Surrey, CR3 5GN
United Kingdom
Tel: 4401883330766
Fax: 4401883330766
Email: info@rarechromo.org
Internet: http://www.rarechromo.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

Cleft Lip and Palate Foundation of Smiles
2044 Michael Ave SW
Wyoming, MI 49509
Tel: (616)329-1335
Email: Rachelmancuso09@comcast.net
Internet: http://www.cleftsmile.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  6/14/2011
Copyright  1984, 1985, 1987, 1990, 1992, 1997, 1999, 2007, 2008, 2011 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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