Skip to Content
Home > Wellness > Health Library > Insulin Resistance
Insulin resistance is a condition in which body cells do not fully
respond to the action of insulin, a hormone that controls the amount of sugar
(glucose) in the blood. As a result, blood sugar levels become abnormally
Over time, insulin resistance can result in consistently high blood
sugar levels, which increases a person's risk for type 2 diabetes.
Pregnant women who are insulin resistant have an increased risk for gestational diabetes.
Usually, insulin resistance develops in people who are overweight
and not physically active. These characteristics are often associated with
having high cholesterol and high blood pressure. People who are insulin
resistant have an increased risk of heart disease and stroke, especially if
other risk factors, such as being a smoker or having high cholesterol levels,
Current as of:
February 20, 2015
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Lois Jovanovic, MD - Endocrinology
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more, visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2015 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups, and pregnancy.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.