Skip to Content
Home > Wellness > Health Library > Trigger Finger and Trigger Thumb
Trigger finger and trigger thumb are conditions in which you find it hard to bend or straighten your finger or thumb. It can feel as if
the finger or thumb is stuck or catches, snaps, or clicks when you try
to move it.
You may also feel tenderness or a bump in the palm of the hand
around the affected finger or thumb. The bump may seem to move as you bend or straighten the finger or thumb.
Trigger finger or trigger thumb can develop when the flexor tendon
and its sheath thickens or swells. The flexor tendon helps a finger or thumb to
bend; its sheath is the tunnel-like opening that the tendon normally glides
The exact cause of trigger finger and trigger thumb is not known.
The conditions are more common in people who have diabetes, rheumatoid
arthritis, or a history of repeated injury to the area.
A doctor can usually diagnose the problem from a description of the
symptoms and by examining the finger or thumb. X-rays or other tests are not
Initial treatment for trigger finger or trigger thumb includes
resting the affected hand, taking anti-inflammatory medicine, wearing a
splint, and possibly taking a shot of cortisone. Surgery may be recommended if
other treatments fail.
Current as of:
November 14, 2014
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine & David Messenger, MD
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more, visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2015 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups, and pregnancy.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.