Small Bowel X-Ray

A small bowel X-ray is an exam using barium to visualize the small bowel. It is used to detect abnormalities or obstructions in your small bowel.

Radiation is used for this exam. Please notify your doctor if you are pregnant.

Before Your Procedure

  • Do not eat or drink after midnight.
  • Continue to take your medications with a sip of water up until 4 hours before the exam.
  • If you are diabetic, your doctor may adjust your diabetic agents.

During Your Procedure

  • You will be given barium to drink. Barium is a liquid that outlines the bowel.
  • X-rays are then taken at timed intervals as the barium moves through your bowel. Everyone is different, so transit time of the barium through the small bowel is variable.
  • Typically the exam takes between 1 and 2 hours, but it may be longer.

After Your Procedure

  • You may resume your regular diet.
  • Your stools may be light colored or chalky, this is normal.
  • Drink plenty of fluids (if you are not on a fluid restriction) to help move the barium through your system, otherwise you may become constipated.
  • If you have not had a bowel movement in 3 days after the exam, contact your doctor. You may be instructed to use a laxative.
  • Your doctor will be contacted with the results of your test and will discuss the results with you.

Providing safe, quality patient care is our highest priority. To help ensure quality and safety, we ask that you do not bring young children with you to your appointments, as children are not allowed to accompany you during Imaging procedures. Staff is unable to monitor your child in your absence.

If you have any questions or concerns, please contact your provider.

Back to Imaging Patient Instructions

Dear Friends and Neighbors,

CentraCare care givers have been working around the clock for more than 20 months to care for you, your families and friends during COVID. We are committed to caring for every Minnesotan who needs us, and nothing will prevent us from doing so – even during these never-seen-before times.

The challenge of providing this level of care is that our hospital beds are often full. ERs in all of our hospitals are packed. And our clinical teams are exhausted. Early in the pandemic, our community stepped up in amazing ways to help us. We ask that you again join us in fighting this pandemic together.

How can you help?

  • Please get your COVID vaccines and booster shots. They are proven safe and effective in reducing COVID illness, keeping people out of the hospital, and preventing death.
  • If your situation is not an emergency, please use other care options, including:
  • If this is a medical emergency, call 9-1-1, or visit the ER.

Together, we can do this. Thank you for your support.

Ken Holmen, MD
President and CEO